Bedbug Exterminators -NATURE’S WAY PEST CONTROL

Bed Bugs

Female bed bugs can lay 1-5 eggs per day in cracks or crevices. The reason they are called bed bugs is that they readily infest mattresses, bed frames and box springs. Eggs are laid along the edges of or around buttons on the mattresses. Eggs can also be glued to rough surfaces.

Bed bugs are small, flattened red creatures that are about 3/8” long. Their development time is approximately 21 days. During development they go through five nymphal instars. The bed bug does not have a larval stage, and develops by a process known as gradual or incomplete metamorphosis. Development of this kind results in an egg hatching to a form that closely resembles the adult, but in a much smaller form without fully developed reproductive structures. These newly hatched young are called nymphs that will go through several molts to reach adulthood.
The average life span of the bed bug is 6-12 months and they will feed every 10 days or so during this time. Bed bugs can survive many months without a blood meal and they reproduce in an unusual fashion. Instead of copulation by connection of genitals, bed bug males traumatically inseminate the females. This is accomplished by the male piercing her body with his syringe like genitalia and injecting her with his sperm. This is not especially good for the females as they are more prone to damage or infections from such occurrences.

Once fertilized, the female will lay eggs in cracks and crevices along the edges of mattresses, box springs and bed frames. Bed bugs will also inhabit other cracks and crevices throughout a room that is infested. These other areas include; behind picture frames, switch plate covers, loose wallpaper, baseboards or along the edges of carpets.

One of the major ways that bed bugs are spread is through human travel. Bed bugs in hotel rooms can pose a particular problem for frequent or even the occasional traveler. Imagine bed bugs entering your luggage as you sleep. One can then transport them to other hotels or back to their own home. Bed bugs peek period of activity is during the early morning hours, and the few hours before sunrise. It is during this time that bed bugs come out of hiding in search of a blood meal. Bed bugs feed almost exclusively on humans, and cause extremely itchy, irritating bites. The reason they are so itchy and irritating is that when the bed bug bites it injects enzymes and anticoagulants into the victim. These prevent the blood from clotting, and allow the bedbug to feed. The victim rarely feels the bite when it happens or during feeding, but several hours afterwards the itching starts.
Bed bugs are not known to transmit any specific diseases though they have been shown to be very capable of doing so in the lab. The major health concerns with bed bugs are the bites themselves and the possibility of the bites becoming infected.